- Magnesium - Supplementation Possibly Helpful, but Take at a Different Time of Day
- Calcium - Supplementation Possibly Helpful
- Hawthorn - Possible Interaction
- Licorice - Possible Dangerous Interaction
- Eleutherococcus senticosus - Possible Interaction
- Horsetail - Possible Dangerous Interaction
- St. John's Wort - Possible Reduction of Effectiveness of Drug
- Uzara - Possible Harmful Effect
- Gingko biloba - No Interaction
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11 Maurer A, et al. Interaction of St. John's wort extract with phenprocoumon. Eur J Clin Pharmacol . 55(Abstract 79): A22, 1999.
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14 Thurmann PA, Neff A, Fleisch J, et al. Interference of Uzara glycosides in assays of digitalis glycosides. Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther . 2004;42:281-4.
15 Mauro VF, Mauro LS, Kleshinski JF, et al. Impact of Ginkgo biloba on the pharmacokinetics of digoxin. Am J Ther . 2003;10:247-51.
16 Tankanow R, Tamer HR, Streetman DS, et al. Interaction study between digoxin and a preparation of hawthorn (Crataegus oxyacantha). J Clin Pharmacol . 2003;43:637-42.
17 Gurley BJ, Swain A, Williams DK, et al. Gauging the clinical significance of P-glycoprotein-mediated herb-drug interactions: Comparative effects of St. John's wort, echinacea, clarithromycin, and rifampin on digoxin pharmacokinetics. Mol Nutr Food Res. 2008 Jan 23.
- Reviewer: EBSCO CAM Review Board
- Review Date: 08/2013 -
- Update Date: 08/22/2013 -
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