Probably Ineffective Uses
What Is Dong Quai Used for Today?
Interactions You Should Know About
1 Chang HM, But PP, eds. Pharmacology and Applications of Chinese Materia Medica . Vol 1. Singapore: World Scientific; 1986.
2 Igarashi M. Efficacy of Kampo medicines in obstetrical and gynecological diseases. In: Satellite Meeting on Kampo (Japanese Herbal) Medicines (1987: Aukland, N.Z.). Recent Advances in the Pharmacology of Kampo (Japanese Herbal) Medicines: Proceedings of the Satellite Meeting on Kampo (Japanese Herbal) Medicines of the 10th International Congress of Pharmacology, Auckland, New Zealand, Aug. 19-21, 1987. New York, NY: Excerpta Medica; 1987:141-143.
3 Bensky D, Gamble A, Kaptchuk TJ. Chinese Herbal Medicine: Materia Medica . Seattle, WA: Eastland Press; 1986.
4 Hsu HY. Oriental Materia Medica: A Concise Guide . Long Beach, CA: Oriental Healing Arts Institute; 1986:540-542
5 Zhu DP. Dong quai. Am J Chin Med . 1987;15:117-125.
6 Hirata JD, Swiersz LM, Zell B, et al. Does dong quai have estrogenic effects in postmenopausal women? A double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Fertil Steril . 1997;68:981-986.
7 Zhu DP. Dong quai. Am J Chin Med . 1987;15:117-125.
8 Zava DT, Dollbaum CM, Blen M. Estrogen and progestin bioactivity of foods, herbs, and spices. Proc Soc Exp Biol Med. 1998;217:369-378.
9 Hirata JD, Swiersz LM, Zell B, et al. Does dong quai have estrogenic effects in postmenopausal women? A double-blind, placebo controlled trial. Fertil Steril. 1997;68:981-986.
10 Goh SY, Loh KC. Gynaecomastia and the herbal tonic "Dong Quai." Singapore Med J. 2001;42:115-116.
11 Nortier JL, Martinez MC, Schmeiser HH, et al. Urothelial carcinoma associated with the use of a Chinese herb (Aristolochia fangchi) . N Engl J Med. 2000;342:1686-1692.
12 Blackwell R. Cases of Herb Toxicity. Acupuncture.com website. Available at: http://www.acupuncture.com/Herbology/Toxic . Accessed August 27, 2001.
13 Page RL II, Lawrence JD. Potentiation of warfarin by dong quai. Pharmacotherapy. 1999;19:870-876.
14 Nambiar S, Schwartz RH, Constantino A. Hypertension in mother and baby linked to ingestion of Chinese herbal medicine [letter]. West J Med. 1999;171:152.
15 Amato P, Christophe S, Mellon P. Estrogenic activity of herbs commonly used as remedies for menopausal symptoms. Menopause. 2002;9:145-150.
- Reviewer: EBSCO CAM Review Board
- Review Date: 08/2013 -
- Update Date: 08/22/2013 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
Copyright © EBSCO Publishing
All rights reserved.