- Dextrothyroxine (Choloxin)
- Levothyroxine (Levoid, Levothroid, Levoxine, Levoxyl, Synthroid)
- Liothyronine (Cytomel, Triostat)
- Liotrix (Euthroid, Thyrolar)
- Thyroglobulin (Proloid)
- Thyroid (Armour Thyroid)
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2 Schneyer CR. Calcium carbonate and reduction of levothyroxine efficacy [letter]. JAMA. 1998;279:750.
3 Singh N, Singh PN, Hershman JM, et al. Effect of calcium carbonate on the absorption of levothyroxine. JAMA. 2000;283:2822-2825.
4 Campbell NR, Hasinoff BB. Iron supplements: a common cause of drug interactions. Br J Clin Pharmacol . 1991;31:251-255.
5 Jabbar MA, Larrea J, Shaw RA. Abnormal thyroid function tests in infants with congenital hypothyroidism: the influence of soy-based formula. J Am Coll Nutr. 1997;16:280-282.
6 Divi RL, Chang HC, Doerge DR. Anti-thyroid isoflavones from soybean: isolation, characterization, and mechanisms of action. Biochem Pharmacol. 1997;54:1087-1096.
7 Chorazy PA, Himelhoch S, Hopwood NJ, et al. Persistent hypothyroidism in an infant receiving a soy formula: case report and review of the literature. Pediatrics. 1995;96(1 Pt 1):148-150.
8 Benvenga S, Ruggeri RM, Russo A, et al. Usefulness of l-carnitine, a naturally occurring peripheral antagonist of thyroid hormone action, in iatrogenic hyperthyroidism: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2001;86:3579-3594.
- Reviewer: EBSCO CAM Review Board
- Review Date: 08/2013 -
- Update Date: 08/22/2013 -
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