Lifestyle Changes to Manage Type 2 Diabetes
- Fill half of your plate with fruits and vegetables .
- Eat whole grains , lean protein , and fat-free or low-fat dairy products.
- Watch your portion size! Avoid overeating.
- Choose low-sodium foods.
- Opt for water instead of sugary drinks.
- Give yourself a larger amount of non-starchy vegetables. There are many kinds to choose from like spinach, carrots, broccoli, cucumbers, mushrooms, peppers…
- Add a small serving of starchy foods. Some examples include: whole grain bread, rice, cooked beans, peas, corn and potatoes.
- Add a small serving of meat or meat substitute (such as chicken, fish, shrimp, tofu).
- Drink a glass of fat-free milk with your meal.
When to Contact Your Doctor
- Are having difficulty losing weight
- Have any questions about your eating plan
- Feel that your eating plan is too difficult to follow
- Want to start an exercise program or make significant changes in your present program
Have any symptoms of hypoglycemia after exercising
- Extreme sweating
- Pale skin color
ChooseMyPlate.gov. United States Department of Agriculture website. Available at: http://www.choosemyplate.gov . Accessed August 7, 2012.
Create your plate. American Diabetes Association website. Available at: http://www.diabetes.org/food-and-fitness/food/planning-meals/create-your-plate . Accessed August 7, 2012.
Diabetes mellitus type 2. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us . Updated August 2, 2012. Accessed August 6, 2012.
9/19/06 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us : Thomas DE, Elliott EJ, Naughton GA. Exercise for type 2 diabetes mellitus. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews . 2006; Issue 3.
2/28/2008 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us : Davies MJ, Heller S, Skinner TC, et al. Effectiveness of the diabetes education and self management for ongoing and newly diagnosed (DESMOND) programme for people with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes: cluster randomised controlled trial. BMJ . 2008 Feb 14. [Epub ahead of print]
2/28/2008 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us : Christian JG, Bessesen DH, Byers TE, Christian KK, Goldstein MG, Bock BC. Clinic-based support to help overweight patients with type 2 diabetes increase physical activity and lose weight. Arch Intern Med . 2008;168:141-146.
5/11/2009 DynaMed Systematic Literature Surveillance https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us : Loimaala A, Groundstroem K, Rinne M, et al. Effect of long-term endurance and strength training on metabolic control and arterial elasticity in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Am J Cardiol . 2009;103:972-977.
8/19/2009 DynaMed Systematic Literature Surveillance https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us : Li TY, Brennan AM, Wedick NM, Mantzoros C, Rifai N, Hu FB. Regular consumption of nuts is associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular disease in women with type 2 diabetes. J Nutr . 2009;139:1333-1338.
- Reviewer: Kim A. Carmichael, MD, FACP
- Review Date: 09/2014 -
- Update Date: 09/17/2014 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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