Prescription Drug Addiction
Opioids—used to treat pain, medication examples include
Central nervous system depressants—used to treat
sleep disorders, medication examples include
Stimulants—used to treat
attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, medication examples include
- Genetic factors
- Altered pathways in brain caused by addicting medications
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- Rapid increase in the amount of medication needed
- Moving from one doctor to another for additional prescriptions
- Craving the medication
- Inability to stop or limit medication use
- Withdrawal symptoms (can be intense and include nausea, vomiting, and sweating)
- Using significant effort to acquire the medication
- Medication use that interferes with activities
- Compulsive use of the medication despite adverse effects
- Carefully follow directions.
- Be aware of potential interactions with other drugs.
- Talk with your doctor before changing the dose.
- Never use another person's prescription.
- Tell your doctor all the medicines you are taking. This includes over-the-counter medicines and dietary and herbal supplements.
American Council for Drug Education http://www.acde.org/
National Institute on Drug Abuse http://www.nida.nih.gov/
Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse http://www.ccsa.ca/
The Council on Drug Abuse http://drugabuse.ca/
Opioid abuse or dependence. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php. Updated date April 29, 2012. Accessed May 15, 2012.
Prescription drugs abuse and addiction. Prescription Drug Abuse website. Available at: http://www.prescription-drug-abuse.org/ Accessed May 15, 2012.
Prescription drugs: abuse and addiction. National Institute on Drug Abuse website. Available at: http://www.nida.nih.gov/ResearchReports/Prescription/prescription.html. Accessed May 15, 2012.
2/4/2010 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance : Schinke SP, Fang L, Cole KC. Computer-delivered, parent-involvement intervention to prevent substance use among adolescent girls. Prev Med. 2009;49;429-35.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 02/2014 -
- Update Date: 03/15/2013 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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