Lifestyle Changes to Manage Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)
Reduce or Avoid Excess Weight
Decrease or Discontinue Alcohol Consumption
Manage Chronic Conditions
Control Blood Glucose Levels
Maintain Normal Blood Pressure
Take Prescribed Medications
Identifying and Managing Depression
- Sexual activity —It is normal for you or your partner to feel concerned about whether it is safe for you to resume sexual activity. In general, people who have CAD that is stable and properly treated can engage in sexual activity. To find out what is safe for you, make an appointment to discuss this issue with your doctor.
- Counseling — Depression is common with many cardiovascular disorders. If you are feeling depressed or are having trouble managing your CAD, ask your doctor about counseling. Counselors can help you navigate challenges of living with a chronic condition. It also may be beneficial to join a support group so you can interact with others who have CAD. They offer an environment of encouragement and support that will help you adjust and adhere to your treatment.
- Cardiac rehabilitation —Provides supervised education and counseling to increase exercise, manage symptoms, and reduce the risk of further heart-related conditions.
When to Contact Your Doctor
- Chest pain
- Usual patterns of angina
- Shortness of breath, especially when out of proportion to exercise or exertion
Coronary artery disease (CAD). EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated December 16, 2013. Accessed January 28, 2014.
How is coronary heart disease treated? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute website. Available at: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/cad/treatment.html. Updated August 23, 2012. Accessed January 28, 2014.
Living with coronary heart disease. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute website. Available at: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/cad/livingwith.html. Updated August 23, 2012. Accessed January 28, 2014.
Management of angina. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated December 2, 2013. Accessed January 28, 2014.
3/6/2013 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance. http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Marti-Carvajal AJ, Lathyris D, et al. Homocysteine lowering interventions for preventing cardiovascular events. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013;1:CD006612.
- Reviewer: Michael J. Fucci, DO, FACC
- Review Date: 03/2015 -
- Update Date: 03/15/2015 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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