Lifestyle Changes to Manage Type 1 Diabetes
- Fill half of your plate with fruits and vegetables .
- Eat whole grains , lean protein , and fat-free or low-fat dairy products.
- Watch your portion size! Avoid overeating.
- Choose low-sodium foods.
- Opt for water instead of sugary drinks.
- Give yourself a larger amount of non-starchy vegetables. There are many kinds to choose from like spinach, carrots, broccoli, cucumbers, mushrooms, peppers…
- Add a serving of starchy foods. Some examples include: whole grain bread, rice, cooked beans, peas, corn and potatoes.
- Add a serving of meat or meat substitute (eg, chicken, fish, shrimp, tofu).
- Drink a glass of fat-free or low-fat milk with your meal.
- For desert, eat a piece of fruit.
Methods of Dietary Planning
- ½ cup of cooked pasta
- 1 slice of bread
- 1 small (3 oz.) baked potato
- 1 ounce of dry cereal
- Lowering blood sugar and improving the body's ability to use glucose—In some cases, regular exercise can decrease the amount of insulin necessary for blood glucose control.
- Lowering risk factors for heart disease, a common complication of diabetes
When to Contact Your Doctor
- If you have any questions about your eating plan
- If you feel that your eating plan is too difficult to follow
- When you want to start up an exercise program or make significant changes in your present program
- If you have any symptoms of hypoglycemia after exercising (Symptoms include shakiness, dizziness, extreme sweating, hunger, headache, and pale skin color.)
Diabetes causes. National Institute of Diabetes & Digestive & Kidney Diseases website. Available at: http://diabetes.niddk.nih.gov/dm/pubs/causes/index.aspx . Accessed December 31, 2012.
Diabetes type 1. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us . Updated December 28, 2012. Accessed December 31, 2012.
Type 1 diabetes. American Diabetes Association website. Available at: http://www.diabetes.org/diabetes-basics/type-1/?loc=DropDownDB-type1 . Accessed December 31, 2012.
Create your plate. American Diabetes Association website. Available at: http://www.diabetes.org/food-and-fitness/food/planning-meals/create-your-plate/ . Accessed December 31, 2012.
3/12/2010 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php : Hofer SE, Rosenbauer J, Grulick-Henn J, et al. Smoking and metabolic control in adolescents with type 1 diabetes. J Pediatr. 2009;154(1):20-23.e1.
- Reviewer: Kim Carmichael, MD
- Review Date: 11/2012 -
- Update Date: 11/26/2012 -
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