Lifestyle Changes to Manage Stroke
Adapting to Changes After a Stroke
- Making items in the rooms you use accessible from chair-level height
- Using a microwave oven more often
- Replacing knobs and handles with levers that are easier to grasp and pull
- Installing safety grab bars in hallways, stairwells, and in the bathroom
- Widening doorways to their full width
- Reversing hinges so doors open out instead of in
- Safely securing rugs and carpets to prevent falls
- Installing a corded phone or keeping a fully-charged cell phone with you at all times in case of an emergency
- Sexual activity —It is normal for you or your partner to feel concerned about whether it is safe for you to resume sexual activity. In general, people who have a heart attack can safely resume sexual activity after a short recovery period. To find out what is safe for you, make an appointment to discuss this issue with your doctor. You and your partner may also be referred to sexual counseling. It will allow you both to talk about your concerns and learn how to safely resume sexual activity.
- Counseling —Support groups or one-on-one counseling can help you navigate the challenges of recovering from a heart attack. Support groups allow you to interact with others who have had a heart attack. They offer an environment of encouragement and support that will help you adjust and adhere to your treatment.
- Be an active participant in your care —Talk to your team about symptoms or treatments that you are having difficulty with. Other treatments options may be available to help you better manage your health.
Preventing Other Strokes
Bushnell C, McCullough LD, et al. Guidelines for the prevention of stroke in women: a statement for healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association. Stroke. 2014;45(5):1545-1588. Available at: http://stroke.ahajournals.org/content/early/2014/02/06/01.str.0000442009.06663.48.full.pdf. Accessed June 16, 2014.
Furie KL, Kasner SE, et al. Guidelines for the Prevention of Stroke in Patients With Stroke or Transient Ischemic Attack: A Guideline for Healthcare Professionals From the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association. Stroke. 2011;42(1):227-276. Available at: http://stroke.ahajournals.org/content/early/2010/10/21/STR.0b013e3181f7d043.full.pdf. Accessed June 16, 2014.
Home modifications for stroke survivors. American Stroke Association website. Available at: http://www.strokeassociation.org/STROKEORG/LifeAfterStroke/RegainingIndependence/HomeModifications/Home-Modifications%5FUCM%5F311015%5FArticle.jsp. Updated February 12, 2014. Accessed June 16, 2014.
How is stroke treated? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute website. Available at: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/stroke/treatment.html. Updated March 26, 2014. Accessed June 16, 2014.
Life after stroke. American Stroke Association website. Available at: http://www.strokeassociation.org/STROKEORG/LifeAfterStroke/HealthyLivingAfterStroke/Healthy-Living-After-Stroke%5FUCM%5F308568%5FSubHomePage.jsp. Updated April 30, 2014. Accessed June 16, 2014.
Long term management of stroke. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated June 6, 2014. Accessed June 16, 2014.
Prevention of stroke. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated June 9, 2014. Accessed June 16, 2014.
8/12/2014 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Steinke EE, Jaarsma T, et al. Sexual counseling for individuals with cardiovascular disease and their partners: a consensus document from the American Heart Association and the ESC Council on Cardiovascular Nursing and Applied Professions (CCNAP). Circulation. 2013;128(18):2075-2096.
- Reviewer: Rimas Lukas, MD
- Review Date: 12/2014 -
- Update Date: 12/20/2014 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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