(Weil's Disease; Icterohemorrhagic Fever; Swineherd's Disease; Rice-Field Fever; Cane-Cutter Fever; Swamp Fever; Mud Fever; Hemorrhagic Jaundice; Stuttgart Disease; Canicola Fever)
- Swimmers in lakes, rivers, and streams
- Workers in flood plains
- Workers in wet agricultural settings
- People who have pets, particularly dogs or livestock
- People who work with the land, including farmers, ranchers, loggers, and rice-field workers
- People who work with animals, including veterinarians
- Blood tests
- Cultures or other laboratory tests
- Reduce contact with soil, vegetation, and water that could possibly be contaminated with infected animal urine, including urine from rodents.
- If working with materials that could potentially be contaminated, wear protective clothing that covers the skin, including waterproof boots or waders.
- If working in an especially high-risk area, talk to your doctor about ways to reduce your risk.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.gov
World Health Organization http://www.who.int
Capital Health http://www.cdha.nshealth.ca
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Ellis T, Imrie A, et al. Underrecognition of leptospirosis during a dengue fever outbreak in Hawaii, 2001-2002. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2008;8(4):541-547.
Hartskeerl RA, Collares-Pereira M, et al. Emergence, control and re-emerging leptospirosis: dynamics of infection in the changing world. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2011;17(4):494-501.
Katz AR, Buchholz AE, et al. Leptospirosis in Hawaii, USA, 1999-2008. Emerg Infect Dis. 2011;17(2):221-226.
Leptospirosis. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/leptospirosis. Updated November 18, 2014. Accessed June 11, 2015.
Leptospirosis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated April 3, 2015. Accessed June 11, 2015.
Leptospirosis (Weil's disease). New York State Department of Health website. Available at: http://www.health.ny.gov/diseases/communicable/leptospirosis/fact%5Fsheet.htm. Updated October 2011. Accessed June 11, 2015.
Stern EJ, Galloway R, et al. Outbreak of leptospirosis among Adventure Race participants in Florida, 2005. Clin Infect Dis. 2010;50(6):843-849.
- Reviewer: David L. Horn, MD, FACP
- Review Date: 06/2015 -
- Update Date: 06/19/2014 -
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