Reducing Your Risk of Pneumonia
Ask Your Doctor About Vitamins and Minerals
Use Precautions to Avoid Infections
- Wash your hands frequently.
- Avoid being near people who are ill.
- Avoid exposure to toxic or damaging fumes. Exposure to gases, chemicals, air pollution, and secondhand smoke can irritate your lungs and make them more vulnerable to infection.
- Eat a healthy diet . Maintaining good nutrition helps keep your immune system strong.
- Exercise regularly . Exercise can help keep your immune system functioning optimally.
- Do not use intravenous (IV) drugs. Using illegal drugs can increase your risk of getting pneumonia, as well as other infectious diseases.
Ascorbic acid. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated March 6, 2013. Accessed April 2, 2013.
How can pneumonia be prevented? National Heart Lung Blood Institute website. Available at: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/pnu/prevention.html. Updated March 1, 2011. Accessed April 2, 2013.
Jackson LA, Neuzil KM, et al. Effectiveness of Pneumococcal Polysaccharide Vaccine in Older Adults. N Engl J Med. 2003; 348: 1747-1755.
Prevent Pneumonia. American Lung Association website. Available at: http://www.lung.org/lung-disease/pneumonia/prevent-pneumonia.html. Accessed April 2, 2013.
Pneumonia in adults. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated March 25, 2013. Accessed April 2, 2013.
Zinc. Office of Dietary Supplements website. Available at: http://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Zinc-HealthProfessional. Updated September 20, 2011. Accessed April 2, 2013.
10/30/2009 DynaMed Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Hemila H, Louhiala P. Vitamin C for preventing and treating pneumonia. Cochrane Database Syst Rev . 2009;(3):CD005532.
2/4/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Lassi Z, Haider B, et al. Zinc supplementation for the prevention of pneumonia in children aged 2 months to 59 months. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010;(12):CD005978. Bhutta ZA, Black RE, et al. Prevention of diarrhea and pneumonia by zinc supplementation in children in developing countries: pooled analysis of randomized controlled trials. Zinc Investigators' Collaborative Group. J Pediatr. 1999;135(6):689-697. Bhandari N, Bahl R, et al. Effect of routine zinc supplementation on pneumonia in children aged 6 months to 3 years: randomised controlled trial in an urban slum. BMJ. 2002;324(7350):1358. Brooks WA, Santosham M, et al. Effect of weekly zinc supplements on incidence of pneumonia and diarrhoea in children younger than 2 years in an urban, low-income population in Bangladesh: randomised controlled trial. Lancet. 2005;366(9490):999-1004.
10/21/2013 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Hemilä H, Louhiala P. Vitamin C for preventing and treating pneumonia. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013 Aug 8;8.
- Reviewer: David L. Horn, MD, FACP
- Review Date: 05/2015 -
- Update Date: 05/20/2015 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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