Conditions InDepth: Periodontal Disease
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- An increased risk of heart disease
- An increased risk of stroke
- Problems controlling diabetes
- Increased lung infections and bronchitis, especially in susceptible people
- Premature or early delivery of pregnant women with periodontal disease
- Low-birth-weight babies of women with periodontal disease
Albandar JM, Brunelle JA, et al. Destructive periodontal disease in adults 30 years of age and older in the United States, 1988-1994. J Periodontol. 1999;70:13-29.
American Dental Association. Periodontal (gum) diseases. American Dental Association website. Available at: http://www.ada.org/2660.aspx?currentTab=2. Accessed July 27, 2011.
Gum disease: what you need to know. American Academy of Periodontology website. Available at: http://www.perio.org/consumer/gum-disease.htm. Updated May 2011. Accessed July 27, 2011.
Khader YS, Albashaiveh ZS, et al. Periodontal diseases and the risk of coronary heart and cerebrovascular diseases: a meta-analysis. J Periodontol. 2004;75:1046-1053.
Periodontal (gum) disease. National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research website. Available at: http://www.nidcr.nih.gov/DataStatistics/FindDataByTopic/GumDisease. Updated March 2010. Accessed July 25, 2010.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 09/2013 -
- Update Date: 09/30/2013 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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