Risk Factors for Osteoarthritis
- Family history
- Obesity, which causes extra strain on the joints
- Occupation—jobs or intense athletics that require a lot of lifting, squatting, or repetitive joint use
- Weakness of muscles or tendons—joints without proper support will have more stress
- Previous injury or surgery to the joint
- History of joint infection or disease
- Inherited structural abnormalities—may cause imbalance or misalignment that increases stress on joint
- Chemical or hormonal imbalances in the body—that may affect the health of cartilage
Degenerative joint disease of the hip. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated November 17, 2014. Accessed December 1, 2014.
Degenerative joint disease of the knee. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated November 25, 2014. Accessed December 1, 2014.
Osteoarthritis. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases website. Available at: http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health%5FInfo/Osteoarthritis/default.asp. Updated August 2013. Accessed December 1, 2014.
Sinusas, K. Osteoarthritis: Diagnosis and treatment. Am Fam Physician. 2012;85(1):49-56.
9/3/2014 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Zhou ZY, Liu YK, et al. Body mass index and knee osteoarthritis risk: A dose-response meta-analysis. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2014;22(10):2180-2185.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 05/2014 -
- Update Date: 12/01/2014 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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