Risk Factors for Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
- Genetics—SLE in close relatives may increase the risk of SLE, although most will have no family history.
- Ethnicity—People of African American, Native American, Asian, or Hispanic descent have a higher risk of SLE.
- Exposure to tobacco smoke, sunlight, or chemicals
- Bacterial and viral infections—Epstein-Barr virus, in particular, has been linked to SLE
Lupus. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases website. Available at: http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health%5FInfo/Lupus/default.asp. Updated May 2013. Accessed December 29, 2014.
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated November 24, 2014. Accessed December 29, 2014.
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The Merck Manual Professional Edition website. Available at: http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/musculoskeletal%5Fand%5Fconnective%5Ftissue%5Fdisorders/autoimmune%5Frheumatic%5Fdisorders/systemic%5Flupus%5Ferythematosus%5Fsle.html. Updated October 2013. Accessed December 29, 2014.
What are the risk factors for developing lupus? Lupus Foundation of America website. Available at: http://www.lupus.org/answers/entry/risks-for-developing-lupus. Accessed December 29, 2014.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 05/2014 -
- Update Date: 12/29/2014 -
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