Risk Factors for Viral Hepatitis
People at Greater Risk
- Having close contact with someone who has the disease
- Using household items that were used by an infected person and not properly cleaned
- Having sexual contact with multiple partners
- Having sexual contact with someone who has hepatitis or a sexually transmitted disease
- Injecting drugs, especially if you use shared needles
- Using cocaine
- Getting a tattoo or body piercing—The needles may not be properly sterilized.
Having a job that involves contact with bodily fluids, such as:
- Caring for children who are not toilet-trained
- First aid or emergency worker
- Funeral director
- Healthcare workers
- Dental assistant
- Police personnel
- For hepatitis A or E: traveling to a country where hepatitis A or E is common or where there is poor sanitation
Conditions and Procedures
- Hemophilia or other disorders of blood clotting
- Kidney disease requiring hemodialysis
- Receiving a blood transfusion , especially prior to 1992 when better screening tests were developed
- Receiving multiple transfusions of blood or blood products
- Receiving a solid organ transplant, especially prior to 1992 when improved screening tests were developed
- Persistent elevation of certain liver function tests (found in people with undiagnosed liver problems)
- Sexually transmitted disease
Hepatitis Foundation International website. Available at: http://www.hepfi.org. Accessed January 19, 2011.
What I need to know about Hepatitis B. National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse website. Available at: http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/hepb%5Fez/index.htm. Published April 2009. Accessed January 19, 2011.
- Reviewer: David L. Horn, MD
- Review Date: 03/2014 -
- Update Date: 05/02/2014 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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