Lifestyle Changes to Manage Heart Attack
When to Contact Your Doctor
- If you experience any chest pain or discomfort—Call 911.
- If you become short of breath
- If you have pain in your arms, back, neck, jaw, or stomach
- If you develop new symptoms, such as nausea, sweating, lightheadedness, or dizziness
- If any of your medicines cause side effects
American Heart Association. Available at: http://www.americanheart.org . Accessed August 14, 2008.
Ferri F, ed. Ferri’s Clinical Advisor 2010. Philadelphia, PA: Mosby Elsevier; 2009.
Fish oil. EBSCO Natural and Alternative Treatments website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/healthLibrary/ . Updated January 2011. Accessed January 31, 2011.
Goldenberg I, Jonas M, Tenenbaum A, et al. Current smoking, smoking cessation, and the risk of sudden cardiac death in patients with coronary artery disease. Arch Intern Med. 2003;163:2301.
Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Cecil Textbook of Internal Medicine. 23rd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders, 2008.
Kasper DL, Harrison TR. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine . 16th ed. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill; 2005.
Knapp HR, Fitzgerald GA. The antihypertensive effects of fish oil: a controlled study of polyunsaturated fatty acid supplements in essential hypertension. N Engl J Med. 1989;320:1037.
Libby P, Braunwald E, et al. Braunwald’s Heart Disease. 8th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders; 2007.
Siscovick DS, Raghunathan TE, King I, et al. Dietary intake and cell membrane levels of long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and the risk of primary cardiac arrest. JAMA. 1995;274:1363.
The Trials of Hypertension Prevention Collaborative Research Group. The effects of nonpharmacologic interventions on blood pressure of persons with high-normal levels. Results of the Trials of Hypertension Prevention, Phase 1. JAMA. 1992;267:1213.
Noble J, Greene HL, et al. Textbook of Primary Care Medicine. 3rd ed. St. Louis, MO: Mosby; 1996.
Rakel R. Textbook of Family Medicine. 7th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders Elsevier; 2009.
Rakel RE, Bope ET, Conn HF. Conn's Current Therapy. 60th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders Elsevier; 2009.
1/31/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance : Galan P, Kesse-Guyot E, Czernichow S, et al. Effects of B vitamins and omega 3 fatty acids on cardiovascular diseases: a randomised placebo controlled trial. BMJ. 2010;341:c6273.
- Reviewer: Michael J. Fucci, DO
- Review Date: 09/2013 -
- Update Date: 09/30/2013 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
Copyright © EBSCO Publishing
All rights reserved.