Reducing Your Risk of Gestational Diabetes
- Maintain a normal weight gain during pregnancy.
- Eat a healthy diet.
- Exercise regularly.
- Avoid smoking.
|Weight classification before pregnancy*||Institute of Medicine recommended gestational weight gain|
|Underweight (BMI 19.7 and under)||28 to 40 lb|
|Normal (BMI 19.8-24.9)||25 to 35 lb|
|Overweight (BMI 25-29.9)||15 to 25 lb|
|Obese (BMI 30 or greater)||15 to 25 lb|
- Stationary cycling
- Low-impact aerobics
The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Diabetes and pregnancy. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists website. Available at: http://www.acog.org/publications/patient%5Feducation/bp051.cfm. Accessed July 2010.
Chung S, Song MY, et al. Korean and Caucasian overweight premenopausal women have different relationship of body mass index to percent body fat with age. J Appl Physiol. 2005;99:103-107.
Mottola MF. The role of exercise in the prevention and treatment of gestational diabetes mellitus. Cur Sports Med Rep. 2007;6:381-386.
MyPyramid for Pregnancy and Breastfeeding website. Available at: http://www.mypyramid.gov/mypyramidmoms/index.html. Accessed October 30, 2007.
Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes 2006 III. Detection and diagnosis of gestational diabetes mellitus. Diabetes Care. 2006;29:S7
Tieu J, Crowther CA, et al. Dietary advice in pregnancy for preventing gestational diabetes mellitus. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2008;16(2):CD006674.
Yun S, kabeer NH, et al. Modifiable risk factors for developing diabetes among women with previous gestational diabetes. Prev Chronic Dis. 2007;4:A07.
3/17/2014 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Luoto R, Laitinen K, et al. Impact of material probiotic-supplemented dietary counselling on pregnancy outcome and prenatal and postnatal growth: a double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Br J Nutr. 2010. Jun;103(12):1792-1799.
10/13/2014 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Zhang C, Tobias DK, et al. Adherence to healthy lifestyle and risk of gestational diabetes mellitus: prospective cohort study. BMJ. 2014 Sep 30;349.
- Reviewer: Andrea Chisholm, MD
- Review Date: 09/2014 -
- Update Date: 10/13/2014 -
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