Reducing Your Risk of Depression
- Family history
- High levels of stress
- Major life changes, such as death of a relative, assault, severe marital or relationship problems
- History of physical or sexual abuse, or bullying as a child
Psychological factors, such as:
- Low self-esteem
- Sensitivity to loss or rejection
- Inadequate social support
- Previous episodes of depression
- Chronic physical illness
- Heart attack
- Chronic pain
- Hormonal changes, including the postpartum period or menopause
- Medications that can cause depression
- Alcohol or drug abuse
Depression. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated July 19, 2012. Accessed July 30, 2012.
Depression. National Institute of Mental Health website. Available at: http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/depression-easy-to-read/depression-trifold.pdf. Accessed July 30, 2012.
Depression (mild to moderate). EBSCO Natural and Alternative Treatments website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/healthLibrary. Updated July 25, 2012. Accessed July 30, 2012.
Ellison CG, Flannelly KJ. Religious involvement and risk of major depression in a prospective nationwide study of African American adults. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2009;197(8):568-73.
McCullough ME, Larson DB. Religion and depression: a review of the literature. Twin Res. 1999;2(2):126-36.
Wink P, Dillon M, et al. Religion as moderator of the depression-health connection. Res Aging. 2005;27:197-220.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 09/2013 -
- Update Date: 09/30/2013 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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