Risk Factors for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
Exposure to Environmental and Occupational Pollutants
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COPD. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated September 25, 2012. Accessed October 1, 2012.
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What is COPD? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) website. Available at: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/cop. Accessed October 1, 2012.
What you can do about a lung disease called COPD. Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease website. Available at: http://www.goldcopd.org/uploads/users/files/GOLD%5FPatient%5FRevJan10.pdf. Accessed October 1, 2012.
6/20/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Po JY, FitzGerald JM, Carlsten C. Thorax. 2011;66(3):232-239.
11/7/2014 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Dhe J, Yang Y, et al. Chinese water-pipe smoking and the risk of COPD. 2014;146(4):924-931.
- Reviewer: Brian Randall, MD
- Review Date: 10/2012 -
- Update Date: 11/07/2014 -
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