Risk Factors for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
Exposure to Environmental and Occupational Pollutants
About COPD. American Lung Association website. Available at: http://www.lung.org/lung-disease/copd/about-copd. Accessed October 1, 2012.
COPD. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated September 25, 2012. Accessed October 1, 2012.
Hu G, Zhou Y, et al. Risk of COPD from exposure to biomass smoke: a meta-analysis. Chest. 2010;138(1):20-31.
Kurmi OP, Semple S, et al. COPD and chronic bronchitis risk of indoor air pollution from solid fuel: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Thorax. 2010;65(3):221-228.
Respiratory disease associated with solid biomass fuel exposure in rural women and children: systematic review and meta-analysis. Thorax. 2011;66(3):232-239.
What is COPD? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) website. Available at: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/cop. Accessed October 1, 2012.
What you can do about a lung disease called COPD. Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease website. Available at: http://www.goldcopd.org/uploads/users/files/GOLD%5FPatient%5FRevJan10.pdf. Accessed October 1, 2012.
6/20/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Po JY, FitzGerald JM, Carlsten C. Thorax. 2011;66(3):232-239.
11/7/2014 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Dhe J, Yang Y, et al. Chinese water-pipe smoking and the risk of COPD. 2014;146(4):924-931.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 03/2015 -
- Update Date: 03/15/2015 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
Copyright © EBSCO Publishing
All rights reserved.