Diagnosis of Cirrhosis
- Elevated liver enzymes aspartate aminotransaminase (AST), alanine aminotranferase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase, g-glutamyltransferase (GGT) (an indicator of liver damage)
- Elevated bilirubin (the pigment that produces jaundice and is usually cleared from the body by the liver)
- Low serum albumin (a protein made by the liver)
- Blood clotting abnormalities
- Ammonia levels
- Viral hepatitis B and C serologies
- Autoimmune hepatitis with antinuclear antibodies or anti-smooth muscle antibody
- Hemochromatosis with transferrin saturation, iron-binding capacity, ferritin
- Wilson disease with serum copper and ceruloplasmin
- Alpha 1 antitrypsin deficiency with serum alpha 1 antitrypsin plus genetic screening
- Primary biliary cirrhosis with antimitochondrial antibody
- CT Scan —a type of x-ray that uses a computer to make pictures of the liver
- Ultrasound —a test that uses echoes of ultrasound waves to examine internal organs.
- Liver Scan
- Abdominal x-ray —a test that uses radiation to take a picture of structures inside the body
- MRI —test that provides detailed images of internal organs
Cirrhosis. American Liver Foundation website. Available at: http://www.liverfoundation.org/abouttheliver/info/cirrhosis. Updated December 3, 2012. Accessed April 24, 2013.
Cirrhosis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated December 27, 2012. Accessed April 24, 2013
Cirrhosis. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases website. Available at: http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/cirrhosis/index.aspx. Updated February 21, 2012. Accessed April 24, 2013.
Heidelbaugh JJ, Bruderly M. Cirrhosis and Chronic Liver Failure: Part I. Diagnosis and Evaluation. Am Fam Phys. 2006;74:756-81
- Reviewer: Daus Mahnke, MD
- Review Date: 03/2014 -
- Update Date: 05/07/2014 -
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