Diagnosis of Cervical Cancer
|Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Cervix|
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- Cone biopsy, also known as cold cone biopsy or cold knife cone biopsy —a procedure that uses a laser or a surgical scalpel to remove tissue
- Loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) —a procedure that uses an electric wire loop to slice off a thin, round piece of tissue
- Endocervical curettage —a procedure that uses a small, spoon-shaped instrument called a curette to scrape tissue from inside the cervical opening
- Imaging studies including:
- CT scan
- MRI scan
- Positron emission tomography
- Surgical staging
- Sentinel lymph node biopsy
- Stage 0—The abnormal cells are found only in the first layer of cells lining the uterus.
- Stage I—Cancer involves the cervix but is still confined to the uterus. This stage has six levels depending upon the size of the cancer: IA, IA1, IA2, IB, IB1, and IB2.
- Stage II—Cancer has spread to nearby areas but is still inside the pelvic area. This stage has two levels depending on whether the cancer has spread to the upper two-thirds of the vagina (IIA) or into the pelvis (IIB).
- Stage III—Cancer has spread throughout the pelvic area. This stage has two levels depending on whether the cancer has spread to the lower-third of the vagina (IIIA) or more broadly into the pelvis (IIIB).
- Stage IV—Cancer has spread to other parts of the body. This stage has two levels depending on which organs the cancer has spread to: bladder, rectum or both (IVA); or, more distant organs (IVB).
Cervical cancer. American Cancer Society website. Available at: http://www.cancer.org/cancer/cervicalcancer/index. Accessed January 6, 2014.
Cervical cancer. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated December 7, 2013. Accessed January 6, 2014.
Cervical cancer. National Cancer Institute website. Available at: http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/types/cervical. Accessed January 6, 2014.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 12/2013 -
- Update Date: 01/06/2014 -
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