(Rubeola Vaccine; MMR Vaccine-Measles)
What Is Measles?
- 1-2 days before the onset of symptoms
- 3-5 days before the rash
- 4 days after the appearance of the rash
- Fever (often high)
- Runny nose
- Red eyes
- A unique rash
- Live in crowded and/or unsanitary conditions
- Travel to less developed countries where measles is common
- Have a weakened immune system (eg, HIV ), even if previously vaccinated
- Were born after 1956 and were never diagnosed with measles
- Have only received an inactivated or killed vaccine prior to 1968 (Today's live vaccines are much more effective.)
- Gargling with warm salt water
- Using a cool-mist humidifier
- Lukewarm sponge baths
- Plenty of fluids and fever-reducing medicines (that do not contain aspirin)— Note : Aspirin should never be used in children and teens who have a current or recent viral infection.
- Vitamin A —This may be helpful for people who are deficient in vitamin A.
What Is the Measles Vaccine?
Who Should Get Vaccinated and When?
- 12-15 months
- 4-6 years (school entry)—can be given earlier, but the two doses must be separated by at least four weeks
What Are the Risks Associated With the Measles Vaccine?
Who Should Not Get Vaccinated?
- Children who are sick with a fever—The vaccine can be given if you have a minor illness.
- Recent immunoglobulin (eg, antibody) or corticosteroids therapy
- People with immune system disorders (eg, AIDS )—If you have HIV and are doing well, you should consider getting the vaccine. Measles can be fatal if you have HIV.
- Pregnant women—Avoid becoming pregnant for at least one month after getting the vaccine.
- Previous severe allergic reaction to the vaccine or its components
- Previous thrombocytopenia clearly related to the vaccine
- Documentation of two live weakened measles vaccines after their first birthday and spaced at least four weeks apart
- Documentation of doctor-diagnosed measles
- Blood test that shows immunity to measles
- Born before 1957
What Other Ways Can Measles Be Prevented Besides Vaccination?
- Children aged less than one year old
- Pregnant women
- People who have an immune system disorder
What Happens in the Event of an Outbreak?
WHERE CAN I GET MORE INFORMATION?
Immunizations American Academy of Pediatrics http://www.healthychildren.org/english/safety-prevention/immunizations/Pages/default.aspx
Vaccines & Immunizations Centers for Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/
Baker CJ, Pickerling LK, Chilton L, et al; Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices. Recommended adult immunization schedule: United States, 2011. Ann Intern Med . 1 Feb 2011. 154(3):168-173.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Recommended immunization schedules for persons aged 0-18 years —United States, 2012. MMWR . 2012;61(5). Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/PDF/wk/mm6105-Immunization.pdf.
Measles, mumps, and rubella: vaccine use and strategies for elimination of measles, rubella, and congenital rubella syndrome and control of mumps: recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, MMWR website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/00053391.htm . Published 22, 1998. Accessed December 6, 2012.
Recommended immunization schedules for persons aged 0-6 years—United States, 2012. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/schedules/downloads/child/0-6yrs-schedule-pr.pdf . Published December 23, 2011. Accessed December 6, 2012.
1/31/2008 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance : Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Recommended immunization schedules for persons aged 0-18 years—United States, 2008. MMWR . 2008;57;Q1-Q4. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, MMWR website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5701a8.htm . Updated January 10, 2008. Accessed January 28, 2008.
5/27/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance : Measles—United States, January—May 20, 2011. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2011 May 20 early online.
- Reviewer: Brian Randall, MD
- Review Date: 12/2012 -
- Update Date: 12/06/2012 -
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