(German Measles Vaccine; MMR Vaccine-Rubella)
What Is Rubella?
- Swollen lymph nodes
- Flushed face
- Red throat (although not sore)
- Achy joints and arthritis (especially in adults)
- Red, spotty rash all over the body
What Is the Rubella Vaccine?
Who Should Get Vaccinated and When?
- 12-15 months
- 4-6 years (school entry)—can be given earlier, but the two doses must be separated by at least four weeks
What Are the Risks Associated With the Rubella Vaccine?
Who Should Not Get Vaccinated?
- Have had a life-threatening allergic reaction to gelatin, the antibiotic neomycin , or a previous dose of MMR vaccine
- Are moderately or severely ill—Wait until you recover.
- Are pregnant—Wait until after you give birth. If you are trying to become pregnant, wait four weeks after getting the vaccine.
What Other Ways Can Rubella Be Prevented Besides Vaccination?
What Happens in the Event of an Outbreak?
WHERE CAN I GET MORE INFORMATION?
Immunization Initiatives American Academy of Pediatrics http://www.cispimmunize.org/
National Immunization Program Centers for Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/
Measles, mumps, and rubella: vaccine use and strategies for elimination of measles, rubella, and congenital rubella syndrome and control of mumps: recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, MMWR website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/00053391.htm . Published 22, 1998. Accessed February 17, 2012.
Recommended immunization schedules for persons aged 0-6 years—United States, 2012. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/recs/schedules/downloads/child/0-6yrs-schedule-pr.pdf . Published December 23, 2011. Accessed February 16, 2012.
Rubella. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/vpd-vac/rubella/default.htm . Accessed January 31, 2007.
Rubella disease in-short (German measles). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/nip/diseases/rubella/vac-chart.htm . Accessed January 31, 2007.
Rubella (German measles). Nemours Foundation website. Available at: http://kidshealth.org/parent/infections/skin/german%5Fmeasles.html . Accessed January 31, 2007.
1/31/2008 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php : Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Recommended immunization schedules for persons aged 0-18 years—United States, 2008. MMWR. 2008;57;Q1-Q4. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, MMWR website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5701a8.htm . Updated January 10, 2008. Accessed January 28, 2008.
- Reviewer: Lawrence Frisch, MD, MPH
- Review Date: 06/2012 -
- Update Date: 00/61/2012 -
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