True or False: Cracking Your Knuckles Can Lead to Arthritis
Evidence for the Health Claim
Evidence Against the Health Claim
Arthritis. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases website. Available at: http://nihseniorhealth.gov/arthritis/toc.html . Accessed November 10, 2008.
Brodeus R. The audible release associated with joint manipulation. J Manipulative Physiol Ther . 1995;18:155-164.
Castellanos J, Axelrod D. Effect of habitual knuckle cracking on hand function. Ann Rheum Dis . 1990;49:308-309.
Protapapas MG, Cymet TC. Joint cracking and popping: understanding noises that accompany articular release. J Am Osteopath Assoc . 2002;102:306.
Swezey RL, Swezey SE. The consequences of habitual knuckle cracking. West J Med . 1975;122:377-379. Available at: http://www.pubmedcentral.gov/picrender.fcgi?artid=1129752&blobtype=pdf . Accessed July 11, 2006
Watson P, Hamilton A, Mollan R. Habitual joint cracking and radiological damage. Br Med J . 1989;299:1566.
Watson P Kernohan WG, Mollan RA. A study of the cracking sounds from the metacarpophalangeal joint. Proc Inst Mech Eng . 1989;203:109-118.
3/17/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance: Deweber K, Olszewski M, Ortolano R. Knuckle cracking and hand osteoarthritis. J Am Board Fam Med. 2011;24(2):169-174.
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