True or False: Drinking a Glass of Red Wine a Day Can Increase Longevity
Evidence for the Health Claim
- Researchers Klatsky and Friedman conducted a study in Northern California that followed 128,934 adults from 1978-1990 and found that people who had one or two alcoholic drinks per day had a 32% lower risk of dying from CHD than nondrinkers.
- Doll and colleagues conducted a 13-year long study examining 12,000 British doctors and their mortality in relation to their alcohol consumption. The researchers concluded that moderate drinking is associated with significantly lower mortality rates than abstaining from or over-indulging in alcohol.
- Fuchs and collaborators followed 85,709 women aged 34-59 for 12 years and found that light to moderate drinking was associated with a reduced mortality rate, but mostly benefited women who were at risk for CHD.
Why It’s Good for You
What Type Is Best for You?
Evidence Against the Health Claim
Criqui MH, Ringel BL. Does diet or alcohol explain the French paradox? Lancet .1994;344:1719-1723.
de Jong HJ, de Goede J, Oude Griep LM, Geleijnse JM.Alcohol consumption and blood lipids in elderly coronary patients. Metabolism . 2008 Sep;57(9):1286-92.
de Lorgeril M, Salen P, Martin JL, Boucher F, de Leiris J. Interactions of wine drinking with omega-3 fatty acids in patients with coronary heart disease: a fish-like effect of moderate wine drinking. Am Heart J. 2008 Jan;155(1):175-81. Epub 2007 Sep 27
Doll R, Peto R, Hall E, et al. Mortality in relation to consumption of alcohol: 13 years' observations on male British doctors. British Med J . 1994;309:911-918.
Duncan BB, Chambless LE, Schmidt MI, et al. Association of waist-to-hip ratio is different with wine than with beer or hard liquor consumption. Am J Epidemiol . 1995;142:1034-1038.
Friedman GD, Klatsky AL. Is alcohol good for your health? New Engl. J. Med . 1993;329:1882-1883.
Gronbaek M, Deis A, Sorensen TIA, et al. Mortality associated with moderate intake of wine, beer, or spirits. British Med J .1995; 310:1165-1169.
Hennekens CH, Willett W, Rosner B, et al. Effects of beer, wine, and liquor in coronary deaths. JAMA . 1979;242: 1973-1974.
Ira J, Goldberg MD, Mosca L et al. Wine and your heart--a science advisory for healthcare professionals from the Nutrition Committee, Council on Epidemiology and Prevention, and Council on Cardiovascular Nursing of the American Heart Association. Circulation . 2001; 103:472-475.
Klatsky AL. Drink to your health? Sci Am . 2003;288(2):74-81.
Klatsky AL, Friedman GD, Armstrong MA, et al. Wine, liquor, beer, and mortality. Am J Epidemiol . 2003;158(6):585-95.
Nordøy A, Marchioli R, Arnesen H, Videbaek J. n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and cardiovascular diseases. Lipids . 2001;36 Suppl:S127-9.
Sacco RL, Elkind M, Boden-Albala B, et al. The protective effect of moderate alcohol consumption on ischemic stroke. JAMA .1999;281:53-60.
Urquiaga I, Leighton F. A review of the positive health effects of moderate wine consumption: from epidemiological data to biochemical understanding. Available at: http://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&lr=&q=cache:rIq8Rwei2IUJ:www.bio.puc.cl/vinsalud/publica/review.doc+A+REVIEW+OF+THE+POSITIVE+HEALTH+EFFECTS+OF+MODERATE+WINE+CONSUMPTION:+FROM+EPIDEMIOLOGICAL+DATA+TO+BIOCHEMICAL+UNDERSTANDING . Accessed November 10, 2008.
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