True or False: Eating Dark Chocolate Can Lower Your Risk of Cancer and Cardiovascular Disease
Evidence Against the Health Claim
Cardiovascular disease risk factors and preventive practices among adults--United States, 1994 A behavioral risk factor atlas. Centers for Disease Control website. Available at http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/00055888.htm . Accessed November 5, 2008.
Dark chocolate may reduce blood pressure, improve insulin resistance. American Heart Association website. Available at http://www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=3032114 . Accessed November 5, 2008.
Ding E, Hutfless S, Ding X, et al. Chocolate and prevention of cardiovascular disease: a systematic review. Nutrition & Metabolism . 2006;3:2. Available at: http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?artid=1360667 . Accessed November 5, 2008.
Few Americans know connection between excess weight and cancer risk, survey finds. American Cancer Society website. Available at http://www.cancer.org/docroot/MED/content/MED%5F2%5F1x%5FFew%5FAmericans%5FKnow%5FConnection%5FBetween%5FExcess%5FWeight%5Fand%5FCancer%5FRisk%5FSurvey%5FFinds.asp?sitearea=MED . Accessed November 5, 2008.
Gaby A. The ‘chocolate cure’ for heart disease may not be for everyone. Numark Pharmacists website. Available at http://www.numarkpharmacists.com/nw04/the%5Fchoc%5Fcure%5Fheart210405.htm . Accessed July 3, 2006.
The heart health benefits of chocolate revealed. Heart & Vascular Institute, Cleveland Clinic website. Available at: http://www.clevelandclinic.org/heartcenter/pub/guide/prevention/nutrition/chocolate.htm . Accessed November 5, 2008.
Is chocolate good for you? American Institute for Cancer Research website. Available at http://www.aicr.org/site/News2?abbr=pr%5Fhf%5F&page=NewsArticle&id=7803 . Accessed November 5, 2008.
Jacobi D. The savory side of chocolate. American Institute for Cancer Research website. Available at http://www.aicr.org/site/News2?abbr=pr%5Fhf%5F&page=NewsArticle&id=9161 . Accessed November 5, 2008.
Plasma antioxidants from chocolate. Nature . 2003 August 28;424:1013. Available at http://www.cienciateca.com/chocolate%20antioxidante.pdf . Accessed November 5, 2008.
Ross C. Cocoa cuts heart disease risk. BBC News, Health website. Available at: http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/health/4755108.stm . Accessed November 5, 2008.
Schmidt P. Chocolate's potential health benefits–and its effect on chronic fatigue syndrome patients. ProHealth Immune Support website. Available at: http://www.immunesupport.com/library/showarticle.cfm?ID=3464&Reviewed=YES . Accessed November 5, 2008.
USDA Database for the flavonoid content of selected foods–2003. Available at http://www.nal.usda.gov/fnic/foodcomp/Data/Flav/flav.pdf . Accessed November 5, 2008.
10/21/2008 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php : di Giuseppe R, Di Castelnuovo A, Centritto F, et al. Regular consumption of dark chocolate is associated with low serum concentrations of C-reactive protein in a healthy italian population. J Nutr. 2008;138:1939-1945.
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