Tubal Ligation -- Laparoscopic Surgery
(Surgical Sterilization; TL; Tubal Sterilization; Sterilization, Tubal; Sterilization, Surgical)
|Options to Close Tubes|
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Reasons for Procedure
- Adverse reactions to anesthesia
- Damage to other organs
- Ectopic pregnancy
What to Expect
Prior to Procedure
- You may need to stop taking some medications up to one week before the procedure.
- The night before, eat a light meal. Do not eat or drink anything after midnight.
Description of the Procedure
- Ligation—tying and cutting of the tube
- Sealing by creating scar tissue
- Removing a small piece of the tube
- Applying plastic bands or clips
Immediately After Procedure
How Long Will It Take?
How Much Will It Hurt?
- Follow your doctor's instructions on cleaning the incision site to prevent infection.
- Ask your doctor about when it is safe to shower, bathe, or soak in water.
Call Your Doctor
- Signs of infection, including fever and chills
- Redness, swelling, increasing pain, excessive bleeding, or discharge from the incision sites
- Severe and continuous abdominal pain
- Nausea and vomiting lasting more than a day
- Cough, shortness of breath, or chest pain
- Lightheadedness or fainting
- Pain and or swelling in one or both legs
- Heavy vaginal bleeding after the first day
- Missed menstrual period
Planned Parenthood http://www.plannedparenthood.org
Office on Women's Health http://www.womenshealth.gov
Canadian Women's Health Network http://www.cwhn.ca
The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada http://www.sogc.org
Peterson HB. Sterilization. Obstet Gynecol. 2008;111:189-203.
Sterilization for women and men. American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists website. Available at: http://www.acog.org/~/media/For%20Patients/faq011.pdf?dmc=1&ts=20130422T1556422204. Updated August 2011. Accessed March 18, 2014.
Sterilization for women (tubal sterilization). Planned Parenthood website. Available at: http://www.plannedparenthood.org/health-topics/birth-control/sterilization-women-4248.htm. Accessed March 18, 2014.
Tubal sterilization. American Academy of Family Physicians Family Doctor website. Available at: http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/prevention-wellness/sex-birth-control/birth-control/tubal-sterilization.html. Updated July 2010. Accessed March 18, 2014.
Tubal sterilization. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated September 26, 2013. Accessed March 18, 2014.
6/3/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Mills E, Eyawo O, et al. Smoking cessation reduces postoperative complications: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Med. 2011;124(2):144-154.e8.
- Reviewer: Andrea Chisholm, MD
- Review Date: 01/2015 -
- Update Date: 04/30/2014 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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