|Surgical Removal of a Tooth|
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Reasons for Procedure
- Is too badly damaged or decayed to be saved by a root canal
- Has an infected nerve
- Is affecting normal tooth growth
- Is loose from advanced gum disease
- Has a loss of supporting bone, gums, or tissue
- Nerve damage
- Poor nutrition
- Poor overall health
- Use of some prescription and non-prescription drugs—Talk to your dentist about any medicine you are taking.
What to Expect
Prior to Procedure
- Do a thorough dental exam
- Do an x-ray of the mouth—a test that uses radiation to take a picture of structures inside the body, especially bones
- Local anesthesia—just the area that is being operated on is numbed; given as an injection
- General anesthesia —blocks pain and keeps you asleep through the procedure
Description of the Procedure
Immediately After Procedure
How Long Will It Take?
How Much Will It Hurt?
- To reduce swelling, apply an ice pack to the area. Apply for 10 minutes at a time.
- Do not dislodge the blood clot that forms in the wound. Do not spit or rinse forcefully in the first 24 hours.
- Do not smoke.
- Do not allow food particles to pack into the socket.
- Do not use drinking straws in the first 24 hours.
- Begin rinsing your mouth 24 hours after the procedure. Use a solution made of ½ teaspoon salt and 8 ounces warm water.
- Eat a soft or liquid diet for the first 24 hours.
- Avoid activity for the first 24 hours. For the next 1-2 days, limit your activity.
- Continue to brush and floss other teeth. This will help prevent infection in the extraction site.
- Be sure to follow your doctor's instructions .
Call Your Dentist
- Signs of infection, including fever and chills
- Redness, swelling, increasing pain, or any discharge from the open socket
- Excessive bleeding continuing for more than four hours after surgery
- Pain that you cannot control with the medicines you have been given
- Cough, shortness of breath, chest pain, or severe nausea or vomiting
- Any new symptom
American Dental Association http://www.ada.org/
National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research http://www.nidcr.nih.gov/
Canadian Dental Association http://www.cda-adc.ca/
Canadian Dental Hygienists Association http://www.cdha.ca/
Tooth decay. American Dental Association website. Available at: http://www.ada.org . Accessed September 17, 2009.
Tooth extractions. American Dental Association website. Available at: http://www.ada.org . Accessed September 17, 2009.
- Reviewer: Marcin Chwistek, MD
- Review Date: 03/2013 -
- Update Date: 08/15/2012 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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