|Bone Marrow Biopsy|
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Reasons for Procedure
- Evaluate a low red blood cell count ( anemia ), low white blood cell count (leucopenia), or low platelet count (thrombocytopenia)
- Diagnose and stage lymphoma or solid tumors
- Diagnose, monitor, and evaluate leukemias
- Evaluate iron level problems
- Evaluate for causes of unexplained spleen enlargement—splenomegaly
- Evaluate other blood disorders or diseases that may affect the bone marrow
What to Expect
Prior to Procedure
- Anti-inflammatory drugs
- Blood thinners
- Anti-platelet medications
Description of Procedure
Immediately After Procedure
How Long Will It Take?
Will It Hurt?
Call Your Doctor
- Signs of infection, including fever and chills
- Redness, swelling, increasing pain, excessive bleeding, or any discharge from the biopsy site
- Nausea and/or vomiting
- Cough, shortness of breath, or chest pain
- Joint pain, fatigue, stiffness, rash, or other new symptoms
The Leukemia and Lymphoma Society http://www.lls.org
National Cancer Institute http://www.cancer.gov
BC Cancer Agency http://www.bccancer.bc.ca
Cancer Centre of Southeastern Ontario http://www.krcc.on.ca
Bone marrow biopsy. Harvard Medical School website. Available at: http://www.health.harvard.edu/diagnostic-tests/bone-marrow-biopsy.htm . Accessed June 27, 2013.
Bone marrow biopsy. Johns Hopkins Medicine website. Available at: http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/healthlibrary/test%5Fprocedures/orthopaedic/bone%5Fmarrow%5Fbiopsy%5F92,P07679/ . Accessed June 27, 2013.
- Reviewer: Igor Puzanov, MD; Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 06/2013 -
- Update Date: 05/11/2013 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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