Practical Prevention -- Who Needs Bone Mineral Density Testing?
Promise of Prevention
How Bone Density Testing Works
BMD Testing Recommendations
- All women aged 65 years and older
- All men aged 70 years and older
- Any adult with a fracture after the age 50 years old
- Heavy drinking
- Sedentary lifestyle
- Low body weight or calcium intake
- Caucasian race
- Family history of hip fractures, especially with a parent
- Genetic disorders
- Recurrent falls
- Previous fracture as an adult
- Poor health, such as frailty
- Impaired memory or eyesight
- Early menopause
- Certain medical conditions, such as Crohn's disease, rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis, HIV infection, or heart failure
- Long-term use of certain medications, such as hormonal therapy, anti-platelets, glucocorticosteroids, immunosuppressants, or proton pump inhibitors
American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists http://www.acog.com
National Institutes of Health Osteoporosis and Related Bone Diseases National Resource Center http://www.nih.gov
The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada http://www.sogc.org
Women's Health Matters http://www.womenshealthmatters.ca
2013 Clinician's Guide to Prevention and Treatment of Osteoporosis. National Osteoporosis Foundation website. Available at: http://nof.org/files/nof/public/content/file/950/upload/523.pdf. Accessed October 30, 2013.
Bone mass measurement: What the numbers mean. NIH Osteoporosis and Related Bone Diseases National Resource Center websie. Available at: http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health%5FInfo/Bone/Bone%5FHealth/bone%5Fmass%5Fmeasure.asp. Updated January 2012. Accessed October 30, 2013.
Bone mineral density testing: who, when, how. Patient Care. 2001 Jan 15:62-82.
Having a bone density test. National Osteoporosis Foundation website. Available at: http://nof.org/articles/743. Accessed October 30, 2013.
Osteoporosis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us. Updated October 24, 2013. Accessed October 30, 2013.
Osteoporosis prevention, diagnosis, and therapy. NIH Consens Statement. 2000;17(1):1-45
Postmenopausal osteoporosis: when and how to measure bone mineral density. Consultant. 2000 Apr 1:781-789.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 10/2013 -
- Update Date: 10/30/2013 -
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