Don't Be Afraid of Colorectal Cancer Screening
Screening Tests: What Do They Entail?
Fecal Occult Blood and Fecal Immunochemical Tests
Double-Contrast Barium Enema
- Colonoscopy every 10 years
- Flexible sigmoidoscopy every 5 years
- CT colonography every 5 years
- Double-contrast barium enema every 5 years
- Annual fecal occult blood test (FOBT)
- Annual fecal immunochemical test (FIT)
- Personal or family history of colorectal cancer or adenomatous polyps
- Personal history of chronic inflammatory bowel disease, such as ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease
What Tests Do You Need?
American Cancer Society http://www.cancer.org
National Cancer Institute http://www.cancer.gov
Canadian Cancer Society http://www.cancer.ca
Colon Cancer Canada http://www.coloncancercanada.ca
American Cancer Society recommendations for colorectal cancer early detection. American Cancer Society website. Available at http://www.cancer.org/Cancer/ColonandRectumCancer/MoreInformation/ColonandRectumCancerEarlyDetection/colorectal-cancer-early-detection-acs-recommendations. Updated January 31, 2014. Accessed May 16, 2014.
Colorectal cancer. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated April 24, 2014. Accessed May 16, 2014.
Colorectal cancer screening. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated April 24, 2014. Accessed May 16, 2014.
Colorectal cancer screening. National Cancer Institute website. Available at http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/screening/colorectal/Patient. Update June 6, 2013. Accessed May 16, 2014.
Colorectal cancer screening tests. American Cancer Society website. Available at: http://www.cancer.org/Cancer/ColonandRectumCancer/MoreInformation/ColonandRectumCancerEarlyDetection/colorectal-cancer-early-detection-screening-tests-used. Updated January 31, 2014. Accessed May 16, 2014.
Colorectal (colon) cancer. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at http://www.cdc.gov/cancer/colorectal. Updated April 29, 2014. Accessed May 16, 2014.
Levin B, Lieberman DA, et al. Screening and surveillance for the early detection for colorectal cancer and adenomatous polyps, 2008: a joint guideline from the American cancer society, the US multi-society task force on colorectal cancer, and the American college of radiology. Gastroenterology. 2008;134(5):1570-1595.
Screening for colorectal cancer. United States Preventive Services Task Force website. Available at http://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/uspstf/uspscolo.htm. Updated October 2008. Accessed July 11, 2012.
4/8/2014 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance. http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Yee J, Kim DH, et al. Colorectal cancer screening. American College of Radiology (ACR) Appropriateness Criteria. Available at: http://www.acr.org/~/media/ACR/Documents/AppCriteria/Diagnostic/ColorectalCancerScreening.pdf. Updated 2013.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 06/2014 -
- Update Date: 00/51/2014 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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