Osteoporosis, Breast Cancer, and Eating Disorders: Not Just for Women
- Eat a balanced diet with adequate calcium and vitamin D.
- Ask your doctor if you should take a calcium supplement. A study reported that taking 1,200 mg (milligram) a day of calcium helped to increase bone mineral density in men.
- Exercise regularly , emphasizing weight-bearing activities. Be sure to use proper form when lifting weights. If you have osteoporosis, you may need to change certain movements to protect your spine. You may also need to avoid activities that involve a lot of twisting motions, like golf or tennis.
- If you smoke, talk to your doctor about how you can successfully quit.
- If you drink alcohol, do so in moderation (2 drinks or less per day).
Breast Cancer Screening
- Age—Average is 59 years.
- Family history of breast cancer
- Prior radiation exposure to the chest—This is usually from treatment of another cancer.
- Liver disease—This can lead to higher estrogen levels and gynecomastia.
- Gynecomastia—Enlargement of the male breast.
- Hyperestrogenism (estrogen treatment) which may be done for prostate cancer, or abnormal secretion of the hormone estrogen.
- Klinefelter's syndrome—This is a male disorder characterized by reduced or absent sperm production, small testicles, and enlarged breasts
- Heavy alcohol consumption
Breast Cancer Treatment
Treatment for Eating Disorders
National Association of Anorexia Nervosa and Associated Disorders http://anad.org
National Cancer Institute http://www.cancer.gov
National Osteoporosis Foundation http://www.nof.org
Bulimia Anorexia Nervosa Association http://www.bana.ca
Canadian Cancer Society http://www.cancer.ca
Osteoporosis Canada http://www.osteoporosis.ca
Anorexia nervosa. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated December 4, 2014. Accessed December 10, 2014.
Breast cancer in men. American Cancer Society website. Available at: http://www.cancer.org/acs/groups/cid/documents/webcontent/003091-pdf.pdf. Accessed December 10, 2014.
Breast cancer in men. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated August 1, 2012. Accessed December 10, 2014.
Bulemia nervosa. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated December 4, 2014. Accessed December 10, 2014.
General information. National Association of Anorexia Nervosa and Associated Disorders website. Available at: http://www.anad.org/get-information/about-eating-disorders/general-information. Accessed December 10, 2014.
Osteoporosis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated December 4, 2014. Accessed December 10, 2014.
The man's guide to osteoporosis. National Osteoporosis website. Available at: http://nof.org/files/nof/public/content/file/252/upload/85.pdf. Accessed December 10, 2010.
11/19/2008 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Reid IR, Ames R, et al. Randomized controlled trial of calcium supplementation in healthy, nonosteoporotic, older men. Arch Intern Med. 2008;168:2276-2282.
11/5/2012 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Watts NB, Adler RA, et at. Osteoporosis in men: An Endocrine Society clinical practice guideline. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2012;97(6):1802-1822.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 12/2014 -
- Update Date: 12/10/2014 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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