Brush Your Teeth -- It's Good for Your Heart
Recognizing and Treating Gum Disease
- Gums pulling away from the teeth
- Swollen, red, or tender gums
- Gums that bleed with brushing or flossing
- Bad breath
- Loose or missing teeth
- Brush inner, outer, and chewing surfaces at least twice daily with a soft-bristled brush held at a 45° angle. Some people find electric brushes easier to use.
- Floss at least once daily, gently guiding the floss between teeth. While holding floss tight and curved around each tooth, slide the floss up and down. Use a clean section of floss for each tooth.
- Get a professional dental cleaning every 6 months, or more often if you are prone to plaque or gingivitis.
- Ask for an annual periodontal screening and assessment of the degree to which gum tissue has pulled away from teeth.
National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research: http://www.nidcr.nih.gov
Perio—American Academy of Periodontology http://www.perio.org
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Public Health Agency of Canada http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca
Coronary artery disease (CAD). EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated January 13, 2015. Accessed April 14, 2015.
D'Aiuto F, Parkar M, et al. Periodontitis and atherogenesis: Causal association or simple coincidence? J Clin Periodontol. 2004;31(5):402-411.
Hung HC, Joshipura KJ, et al. The association between tooth loss and coronary heart disease in men and women. J Public Health Dent. 2004;64(4):209-215.
Ford PJ, Yamazaki K, et al. Cardiovascular and oral disease interactions: What is the evidence? Prim Dent Care. 2007;14:59-66.
Kimura K, Takase B. Significant associatin between periodontitis and cardiovascular risk. Circ J. 2014;78(4):837-838.
Periodontitis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated October 20, 2014. Accessed April 14, 2015.
Yeh ET. High-sensitivity C-reactive protein as a risk assessment tool for cardiovascular disease. Clin Cardiol. 2005; 28:408-412.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 04/2015 -
- Update Date: 04/14/2015 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
Copyright © EBSCO Publishing
All rights reserved.