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- A history of athlete's foot infection
- Walking barefoot in locker rooms or public places
- Not keeping your feet clean and dry
- Wearing air-tight or poorly ventilated shoes or boots
- Sweaty feet
- Hot, humid weather
- Disorders of the immune system
- Dry skin
- Itching (with or without burning), which gets worse as the infection spreads
- A white, wet surface
- Blisters, which may open and become painful
- Gently wash your feet often (at least daily) with soap and water. Completely dry all areas, especially between the toes.
- Put a dusting of antifungal foot powder on your feet or in your shoes to absorb moisture.
- Change your shoes and socks frequently.
- Wash your hands after treating your feet.
- Wear shower shoes or sandals in locker rooms, public showers, and around swimming pools
- Keep your feet clean and dry, especially between your toes
- Wear shoes that are comfortable and allow your feet to breathe
- Wear cotton socks that pull moisture away from your skin
- Change socks regularly, especially if they become damp
- Do not borrow other people's shoes
- If you have diabetes, follow your doctor's instructions for taking care of your feet and get them examined regularly
American Academy of Dermatology http://www.aad.org
Foot Health Facts—American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons http://www.foothealthfacts.org
Canadian Podiatric Medical Association http://www.podiatrycanada.org
The College of Family Physicians of Canada http://www.cfpc.ca
Athletes' foot. American Podiatric Medical Association website. Available at: http://www.apma.org/files/ProductPDFs/Athlete%E2%80%99s%5FFoot.pdf. Accessed October 22, 2014.
Noble SL, Forbes RC, et al. Diagnosis and management of common tinea infections. Am Fam Physician. 1998;58(1):163-174.
Pleacher MD, Dexter WW. Cutaneous fungal and viral infections in athletes. Clin Sports Med. 2007;26(3):397-411.
Tanaka K, Katoh T, et al. Preventive effects of various types of footwear and cleaning methods on dermatophyte adhesion. J Dermatol. 2006;33(8):528-536.
Weinstein A, Berman B. Topical treatment of common superficial tinea infections. Am Fam Physician. 2002;65(10):2095-2103.
Woodfolk JA. Allergy and dermatophytes. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2005;18:30-43.
- Reviewer: David L Horn, MD, FACP
- Review Date: 10/2014 -
- Update Date: 10/22/2014 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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