(Osteosarcoma; Chondrosarcoma; Ewing’s Sarcoma; Fibrosarcoma; Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma; Primary Lymphoma of Bone; Giant Cell Tumor; Chordoma)
- Osteosarcoma—a cancerous tumor of the bone, usually of the arms, legs, or pelvis
- Chondrosarcoma —cancer of the cartilage
- Ewing's sarcoma —tumors that usually develop in the cavity of the leg and arm bones
- Fibrosarcoma and malignant fibrous histiocytoma—cancers that develop in soft tissues such as tendons, ligaments, fat, and muscle, and move to the bones of the legs, arms, and jaw
- Giant cell tumor—a primary bone tumor that is malignant; most common in the arm or leg bones
- Chordoma—primary bone tumor that usually occurs in the skull or spine
- Paget's disease —a noncancerous bone condition
- Exposure to radiation
- Family history of bone cancer
- Osteosarcoma, which is more common in males who are 10-30 years old:
Chondrosarcoma, which is more common in people older than 20 years of age:
- Multiple exostoses—an inherited condition that results in bumps on bones
- Ewing’s sarcoma, which is more common in people younger than 30 years of age
Fibrosarcoma and malignant fibrous histiocytoma:
- Increased age
- Giant cell tumor, which is more common in those who are young or middle-aged
- Pain at the tumor location
- Swelling or a lump at the location of the tumor
- Deep bone pain severe enough to wake you up
- Unexplained weight loss
- Trouble breathing
- Fever or night sweats
- Blood tests
- External radiation therapy—radiation directed at the tumor from a source outside the body
- Internal radiation therapy—radioactive materials placed into the body near the cancer cells
|Radiation of Tumor|
|Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
Myeloablative Therapy with Stem Cell Support
Special Treatment Considerations for Certain Cancer Types
- Osteosarcoma—Chemotherapy given before and after surgery will often cure osteosarcoma and can allow for limb-sparing surgery in people who might have otherwise required amputation.
- Ewing’s sarcoma—Since Ewing’s sarcoma is responsive to chemotherapy, its treatment often involves several weeks of chemotherapy followed by surgical removal or radiation therapy, then several more months of chemotherapy.
- Fibrosarcoma and malignant fibrous histiocytoma—These conditions are usually treated with surgery to remove the cancerous tumor and a one-inch margin of healthy tissue surrounding it.
American Cancer Society http://www.cancer.org
National Cancer Institute http://www.cancer.gov
Canadian Cancer Society http://www.cancer.ca
Caring for Kids The Canadian Paediatric Society http://www.caringforkids.cps.ca
Bone cancer. National Cancer Institute website. Available at: http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/factsheet/Sites-Types/bone. Updated March 13, 2008. Accessed September 3, 2014.
Detailed guide: bone cancer. American Cancer Society website. Available at: http://www.cancer.org/cancer/bonecancer/index. Accessed September 3, 2014.
- Reviewer: Mohei Abouzied, MD
- Review Date: 08/2014 -
- Update Date: 09/03/2014 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
Copyright © EBSCO Publishing
All rights reserved.