Botulinum Toxin -- Biological Weapon
|Inhaled Toxin Pathway in Body|
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- Exposure to the toxin after its release during a biological terrorism attack
- Rarely, accidental exposure to the toxin may occur as a result of food contamination, especially if the contaminated food was not packaged or heated properly
- Double or blurred vision
- Trouble swallowing
- Difficulty speaking
- Weakness in clenching jaw
- Droopy eyelids
- Loss of head control
- Weakness, on both sides, starting at the head and working down the body
- Inability to move limbs
- Blood tests
- Stool tests
- Stomach content testing
- Lumbar puncture
Public Health Measures
Methods to Eliminate the Toxin
- Suctioning of stomach contents
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.gov
US Department of Health and Human Services: Food Safety http://www.foodsafety.gov
Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-term Care http://www.health.gov.on.ca
Public Health Agency of Canada http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca
Botulism. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/nczved/divisions/dfbmd/diseases/botulism/. Updated April 25, 2014. Accessed May 27, 2015.
Consensus statement: botulinum toxin as a biological weapon: medical and public health management. JAMA. 2001;285(8).
- Reviewer: Mohei Abouzied, MD
- Review Date: 05/2015 -
- Update Date: 05/27/2015 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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