|Contracture Deformity of the Hand|
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- Chronic inflammation
Casts or Splints
Nerve Blocks and Electrical Stimulation
- Early movement
- Physical therapy
- Continuous passive motion (CPM) machines, which mechanically keep joints in motion
American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation http://www.aapmr.org
Muscular Dystrophy Association http://www.mdausa.org
National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases http://www.niams.nih.gov
Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety http://www.ccohs.ca/
Internet Association of Orthopaedic Surgery and Trauma http://www.orthogate.org/
Garden F. Frontera. Essentials of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation . Philadelphia, PA; Hanley and Belfus; 2002. Ch. 103.
Fergusson D. Hutton B. Drodge A. The epidemiology of major joint contractures: a systematic review of the literature. Clinical Orthopaedics & Related Research . 2007:456:22-299.
Huckstep RL. Management of neglected joint contractures. Clinical Orthopaedics & Related Research . 456:58-64, 2007 Mar.
Muscular Dystrophy Association. Available at: http://www.mdausa.org .
National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases. Available at: http://www.niams.nih.gov .
- Reviewer: Teresa Briedwell, DPT, OCS
- Review Date: 03/2013 -
- Update Date: 00/31/2013 -
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