(Caisson Disease; Altitude Sickness; Dysbarism; The Bends; DCS)
- Rising too quickly to the surface from deep sea scuba diving
- A fast ascent into a high altitude from a low altitude
- Sudden exit from a high pressure or hyperbaric chamber
- Increased risk with increased depth of dive
- Long duration of dive
- Multiple dives in one day
- Flying after diving
- Diving in cold water
- Increased age
- Stomach pain
- Back pain
- Vision problems
- Chest pain and severe coughing
|Progressive Joint Damage|
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- Limiting the depth and duration of deep sea dives
- Following standard diving guidelines
- Avoiding diving if you are obese, pregnant, have heart or lung problems, or have had a recent joint or limb injury
- Avoiding excessive alcohol consumption for 24 hours before diving
- Avoiding flying for 24 hours after deep sea diving
- Avoiding repeated dives within a 12-hour period
- Avoiding flights in nonpressurized aircraft
American College of Hyperbaric Medicine http://www.hyperbaricmedicine.org
Divers Alert Network http://www.diversalertnetwork.org
Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society http://www.uhms.org
Capital Health Nova Scotia http://www.cdha.nshealth.ca
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Altitude-induced decompression sickness. Federal Aviation Administration website. Available at: http://www.faa.gov/pilots/safety/pilotsafetybrochures/media/dcs.pdf. Accessed February 1, 2013.
Decompression illness: what is it and what is the treatment? Divers Alert Network website. Available at: http://www.diversalertnetwork.org/medical/articles/Decompression%5FIllness%5FWhat%5FIs%5FIt%5Fand%5FWhat%5FIs%5FThe%5FTreatment. Accessed January 31, 2008.
Decompression sickness. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us. Updated October 18, 2012. Accessed February 1, 2013.
- Reviewer: Marcin Chwistek, MD
- Review Date: 12/2013 -
- Update Date: 00/11/2014 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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