|The sudden withdrawal or decrease of alcohol can cause severe disturbances in the brain.|
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- History of heavy alcohol use and abuse
- History of DTs or other withdrawal symptoms
- Other medical problems (in addition to alcohol use disorder
- Confusion and disorientation
- Changing levels of alertness
- Difficulty sleeping
- Bad dreams
- Severe agitation
- Hallucinations—the perception of a thing, voice, or person that is not present, both visual and auditory
- Delusions—a false belief that is strongly held
- Tremors of the hands, head, or body
- Severe sweating
- Rapid heartbeat
- Rapid breathing
- Benzodiazepines to ease anxiety, withdrawal symptoms, and cognitive problems
- Antiseizure medications
- Antipsychotics to manage hallucinations or other cognitive problems
- Pain relievers, such as acetaminophen
- Medications to control blood pressure and heart rate
Vitamins and Fluids
Alcoholics Anonymous http://www.alcoholics-anonymous.org
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism http://www.niaaa.nih.gov
Alcoholics Anonymous http://www.aacanada.com
Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse http://www.ccsa.ca
Alcohol withdrawal. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated April 9, 2015. Accessed June 11, 2015.
Barrons R, Roberts N. The role of carbamazepine and oxcarbazepine in alcohol withdrawal syndrome. J Clin Pharm Ther. 2010;35(2):153-67.
Bayard M, McIntyre J, Hill KR, Woodside J. Alcohol withdrawal syndrome. Am Fam Physician. 2004;69(6):1443-1450.
McKeon A, Frye MA, Delanty N. The alcohol withdrawal syndrome. J Neurol Neurosurg Psych. 2008;79(8):854-862.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 06/2015 -
- Update Date: 06/11/2015 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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