Drug Abuse and Drug Addiction
|Chemical Release in Brain|
|Drugs stimulate unnecessary chemical release in the brain. Long-term drug use may change brain function.|
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- Repeated work, school, or home problems due to drug use
- Continued use of drugs even though it means risking physical safety
- Recurring trouble with the law related to drug use (eg, driving while under the influence of drugs)
- Continuing to use drugs despite drug-related problems in personal relationships
- Craving for the drug
- Inability to stop or limit drug use
- Tolerance (taking greater amounts to feel the same effect)
- Withdrawal symptoms that occur when the drug is stopped
- Significant amounts of time trying to acquire drugs and recover from the effects
- Drug use continues even when it causes or worsens physical or mental health problems
- Your history of drug use
- Emotional problems that may have occurred while using drugs
- Problems with work, school, homelife, or the law
- To help you stop using drugs
- To decrease the toxic effects of the drugs being used and to aid in symptoms of drug withdrawal, called detoxification
- To prevent relapse
Cocaine Anonymous http://www.ca.org
Narcotics Anonymous http://www.na.org
National Institute on Drug Abuse http://www.nida.nih.gov
Centre for Addiction and Mental Health http://www.camh.ca
Narcotics Anonymous http://www.torontona.org
DrugFacts: treatment approaches for drug addiction. National Institute on Drug Abuse website. Available at: http://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/treatment-approaches-drug-addiction . Updated September 2009. Accessed March 28, 2013.
Drugs, brains, and behavior: the science of addiction. National Institute on Drug Abuse website. Available at: http://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/science-addiction/drug-abuse-addiction . Updated August 2010. Accessed March 28, 2013.
Opioid abuse or dependence. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php . Updated March 27, 2013. Accessed March 28, 2013.
2/4/2010 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance : Schinke SP, Fang L, Cole KC. Computer-delivered, parent-involvement intervention to prevent substance use among adolescent girls. Prev Med . 2009;49;429-35.
- Reviewer: Brian Randall, MD
- Review Date: 06/2013 -
- Update Date: 06/24/2013 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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