|Phrenic Nerve and Diaphragm|
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- Drinking a lot of fluids, including alcohol
- Gastrointestinal conditions, including gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
- Stress or intense emotions
- Some medications
- Medical procedures, such as mechanical ventilation and intubation
- Certain conditions that irritate the brain or nerves, such as goiter, meningitis, multiple sclerosis, or cancer
- Spasms of the diaphragm muscle that repeat and cannot be controlled
- Uneasy gasping and sound with each hiccup
When Should I Call My Doctor?
- Last for more than two days
- Are very painful or get in the way of your daily life, such as eating or sleeping
- Eating hard to swallow items such as granulated sugar or molasses
- Sucking on ice cubes
- Gagging with purpose
- Valsalva maneuver—holding your breath and bearing down, as you might when having a bowel movement
- Breathing into a bag
- Gasping with purpose
- Antiseizure medications
- Medications used to treat nausea
- Muscle relaxers
- Overfilling your stomach
- Drinking carbonated beverages or alcohol
- Becoming overexcited, including stress, intense emotion, heavy laughing, or crying
American Academy of Family Physicians http://familydoctor.org
National Library of Medicine http://www.nlm.nih.gov
Canadian Institutes of Health Research http://www.cihr-irsc.gc.ca
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Hiccups. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated May 21, 2013. Accessed December 13, 2013.
What causes hiccups? Nemours Kids Health website. Available at: http://kidshealth.org/kid/talk/qa/hiccup.html. Updated October 2011. Accessed December 13, 2013.
- Reviewer: Marcin Chwistek, MD
- Review Date: 12/2013 -
- Update Date: 12/13/2013 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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