(IC; Painful Bladder Syndrome)
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- An autoimmune response that occurs following a bacterial infection of the bladder
- A leaky inner lining of the bladder that allows irritating substances in the urine to come into contact with the bladder wall
- Urgent need to urinate.
- Frequent need to urinate several times a day.
- Discomfort, pain, or pressure in the bladder or pelvic area when the bladder is full, and relief when the bladder is emptied.
- Pain during and after intercourse or during orgasms
- Blood in the urine
- Pain in the vulva or vagina in women, or in the testes, groin, or tip of penis in men
- Urine test
- Urine culture
- Pentosan polysulfate sodium
- Pain relievers
- Botulinum toxin A injections
- Artificial sweeteners
- Acidic foods
- Carbonated beverages
Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS)
- Ulcer fulguration—instruments inserted through the urethra are used to burn ulcers with electricity or laser
- Ulcer removal—instruments inserted through the urethra are used to cut out ulcers
- Bladder augmentation—a segment of bowel is used to increase the capacity of the bladder
- Cystectomy—removal of the entire bladder
Interstitial Cystitis Association http://www.ichelp.com
Interstitial Cystitis Network & Overactive Bladder http://www.ic-network.com
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Women's Health Matters http://www.womenshealthmatters.ca
Interstitial cystitis. American Urological Association Foundation. Available at: http://www.urologyhealth.org/urology/index.cfm?article=67. Updated March 2013. Accessed April 18, 2013.
Interstitial cystitis—Painful bladder syndrome. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated August 14, 2014. Accessed August 18, 2014.
Interstitial Cystitis/Painful Bladder Syndrome. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases website. Available at: http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/KUDiseases/pubs/interstitialcystitis/index.aspx. Updated June 29, 2012. Accessed April 18, 2013.
Offiah I, McMahon SB, O'Reilly BA. Interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome: Diagnosis and management. Int Urogynecol J. 2013;24(8):1243-1256.
8/18/2014 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Pinto R, Lopes T, et al. Ulcerative and nonulcerative forms of bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis do not differ in symptom intensity or response to onabotulinum toxin A. Urology. 2014;83(5):1030-1034.
- Reviewer: Adrienne Carmack, MD
- Review Date: 01/2015 -
- Update Date: 08/18/2014 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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