(Yellowing of Skin)
- Excess breakdown of red blood cells, which can occur in:
A blockage in or near the liver that prevents the flow of bile, such as:
- Gallstones or pancreatitis
- A tumor in the liver or bile duct
- Pancreatic cancer
- Congenital defects
Liver, Gallbladder, and Bile duct Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.
- Liver damage caused by:
- In babies, insufficient amounts of a certain liver enzyme during the first two weeks of life
- Inherited metabolic disorders, including Gilbert, Crigler-Nager, and Dubin-Johnson syndromes
- Fever or chills
- Unexplained weight loss
- Avoiding a substance, like alcohol or medication, that is causing the condition
- Addressing the cause of anemia
- Taking medication to treat infectious diseases
- Relieving bile duct obstructions by:
- Limit your alcohol intake to no more than two drinks a day for men or one drink a day for women.
- Be careful mixing alcohol with over-the-counter and prescription medication.
- Avoid exposure to industrial chemicals.
- Do not use illicit drugs.
- Do not share needles or nasal snorting equipment.
- Practice safe sex.
- To decrease your risk of hepatitis A, get the hepatitis A vaccine.
- To decrease your risk of hepatitis B, get the hepatitis B vaccine.
American Liver Foundation http://www.liverfoundation.org
American Gastroenterological Association http://www.gastro.org
Canadian Liver Foundation http://www.liver.ca
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Bilirubin. American Association for Clinical Chemistry Lab Tests Online website. Available at: http://labtestsonline.org/understanding/analytes/bilirubin/tab/glance. Updated March 18, 2013. Accessed April 23, 2013.
Abnormal liver function tests—differential diagnosis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php. Updated February 14, 2012. Accessed April 24, 2013.
Neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php. Updated February 15, 2013. Accessed April 24, 2013.
- Reviewer: Marcin Chwistek, MD; Brian Randall, MD
- Review Date: 04/2013 -
- Update Date: 04/24/2013 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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