Oppositional Defiant Disorder
|A chemical imbalance in the brain may be responsible for ODD.|
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- Sex: male
- Age: childhood and teen years
- A parent with a mood, conduct, attention deficit, or substance abuse disorder
- Marital conflict
- Child abuse
- Inconsistent parental attention
- Low socioeconomic status
- Argue with adults
- Lose their tempers
- Refuse to follow adults' requests or rules
- Deliberately annoy others and are annoyed by others
- Are angry and resentful
- Are spiteful or vindictive
- Blame others for their own mistakes
- Have low self-esteem
- Child displays at least four common symptoms (see symptoms above).
- Symptoms occur more often and have more serious consequences than is typical in children of a similar age.
- Symptoms lead to significant problems in school, work, or social life.
- Symptoms are continuously present for at least 6 months.
Social Skills Training
American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry http://www.aacap.org
American Psychiatric Association http://www.psych.org
Canadian Psychiatric Association http://www.cpa-apc.org
Canadian Psychological Association http://www.cpa.ca
American Psychiatry Association. Available at: http://www.psych.org.
Children with oppositional defiant disorder. American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry website. Available at: http://www.aacap.org/publications/factsfam/72.htm. Accessed July 2003.
The Merck Manual of Medical Information—Home Edition. Simon and Schuster, Inc.; 2000.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 09/2012 -
- Update Date: 00/93/2012 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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