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- Contact with an infected person—usually a child or family member of the infected child
- Contact with contaminated clothing, bedding, or objects
- Regular exposure to schools, daycare centers, and other places where pinworms may be present
- Itchy perineal area that is worse at night
- Disturbed sleep
- Change underwear, nightclothes, and sheets after each treatment.
- Wash all bedding every 3 to 7 days for three weeks.
- Wash underwear and pajamas daily for two weeks.
- Wash all clothing and toys to destroy remaining eggs.
- Always wash hands thoroughly after using the toilet, changing diapers, and before cooking or eating.
- Change and wash underwear daily.
- Bathe shortly after waking up to reduce egg contamination.
- Discourage nail biting and scratching anal areas.
American Academy of Pediatrics http://www.healthychildren.org
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases http://www.niaid.nih.gov
The College of Family Physicians of Canada http://www.cfpc.ca
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Enterobiasis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php. Updated February 15, 2010. Accessed July 25, 2013.
Parasites—enterobiasis (also known as pinworm infection). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/parasites/pinworm. Updated January 10, 2013. Accessed July 25, 2013.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 06/2014 -
- Update Date: 05/11/2013 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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