(Pneumonic Plague; Bubonic Plague; Septicemic Plague; Pharyngeal Plague)
- Pneumonic—in the lungs, from breathing in droplets or as a progression of another type
- Bubonic—in the lymph nodes, occurring after a flea bite
- Septicemic—a body system-wide infection, occurring after a flea bite
|Pneumonic Plague Transmission|
|Droplets from an infected person are inhaled into the lungs.|
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- Exposure to the bacteria
- Contact with fleas or infected rodents
- Living in the Southwest United States
- Bloody or watery mucous
- Difficulty breathing
- Chest pain
- Swollen, tender lymph nodes
- Skin that may appear red and tight over affected lymph nodes
- Bleeding under the skin
- Black fingers, toes, or nose
- Blood tests
- Cultures of body fluids
Supportive Care for Septicemic Plague
- Reduce or control the rodent population near your home, since rodents carry fleas.
- Wear gloves when handling or skinning animals to protect contact with your skin.
- Use insect repellent containing DEET when you are outside.
- Keep fleas off your pets by using flea control products.
- Keep dogs and cats from sleeping in your bed if they roam in endemic areas.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.gov
Johns Hopkins' Office of Critical Event Preparedness and Response (CEPAR) http://www.hopkins-cepar.org
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Public Health Agency of Canada http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca
Consensus statement, plague as a biological weapon: Medical and public health management. JAMA. 2000;283(17):2281-2290.
Plague. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/plague. Updated March 3, 2015. Accessed June 10, 2015.
Plague. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated May 12, 2015. Accessed June 10, 2015.
- Reviewer: David L. Horn, MD, FACP
- Review Date: 06/2015 -
- Update Date: 06/20/2014 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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