|Anatomy of the Prostate Gland|
|Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
- Acute bacterial prostatitis
- Chronic bacterial prostatitis
- Chronic pelvic pain syndrome
- Asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis
- Unprotected sex
- Phimosis—Inability of the foreskin to fully retract over the head of the penis
- Narrowing of the urethra, the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside
- Enlarged prostate
- History of urinary tract infections
- Needing to urinate frequently and/or urgently
- Pain or burning while urinating
- Difficulty urinating
- Lower abdominal pain or pressure
- Penile, rectal, or perineal discomfort
- Lower back pain
- Fever or chills
- Difficulty getting an erection
- Urine test—Looks for signs of infection
- Digital rectal exam—Detects swelling or pain
- Prostate massage—Fluid released from the prostate can be analyzed to test for chronic bacterial prostatitis and chronic pain syndrome
- Prostate biopsy—Used to rule out other conditions, but may find asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis
- Stool softeners
- Anti-inflammatory medications
- Pain medication
- Alpha-blockers or 5-alpha reductase inhibitors to help with urine flow
- Alpha-blockers or 5-alpha reductase inhibitors
- Anti-inflammatory medications such as ibuprofen
- Pain medication
- Warm sitz baths
- Repeated prostate massages
American Urological Association Foundation http://www.urologyhealth.org
The Prostatitis Foundation http://www.prostatitis.org
Canadian Urological Association http://www.cua.org
Men's Health Centre http://www.menshealthcentre.net
Acute prostatitis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php. Updated March 7, 2013. Accessed April 16, 2013.
Prostatitis. National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse website. Available at: http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/KUDiseases/pubs/prostatitis/index.aspx. Updated June 29, 2013. Accessed April 16, 2013.
Prostatitis (prostate infection). Urology Care Foundation website. Available at: http://www.urologyhealth.org/urology/index.cfm?article=15. Accessed April 16, 2013.
Propert KJ, McNaughton-Collins M, Leiby BE, et al. A prostpective study of symptoms and quality of life in men with chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome: The National Institutes of Health Chronic Prostatitis Cohort Study. J Urol. 2006;175:619-623.
Sharp VJ, Takacs EB, Powell CR. Prostatitis: diagnosis and treatment. Am Fam Physician. 2010 Aug 15;82(4):397-406.
- Reviewer: Brian Randall, MD
- Review Date: 04/2013 -
- Update Date: 04/16/2013 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
Copyright © EBSCO Publishing
All rights reserved.