|The Nervous System|
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- Pain, tingling, or itching at the site of the bite wound or other site of viral entry
- Stiff muscles
- Increased production of thick saliva
- Flu-like symptoms, such as headache, fever, fatigue, nausea
- Painful spasms and contractions of the throat when exposed to water
- Erratic, excited, or bizarre behavior
- Erratic behavior, often overly aggressive or vicious
- Disorientation (for example, nocturnal animal such as a bat or fox appearing in daylight)
- Animal's species
- Where the encounter took place
- Wash the wound immediately with plenty of soap and water. It is the most important first step you can take in preventing rabies.
- Call your doctor or seek care in an emergency room.
Human Rabies Immune Globulin (HRIG)
- Human diploid cell vaccine (HDCV)
- Purified chick embryo cell vaccine (PCECV)
- Vaccinate house pets.
- Avoid contact with wild animals.
- Do not touch any wild animal. Avoid it even if it appears to be dead.
- Seal basement, porch, and attic openings. This will prevent an animal from entering your home.
- Report any animal to your local animal control if it is acting strange or appears sick.
- If you often come in contact with potentially rabid animals, get the rabies vaccine before exposure. Booster doses are often needed.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) http://www.cdc.gov/
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases http://www.niaid.nih.gov/
Public Health Agency of Canada http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/
Safe Canada http://www.safecanada.ca/
Rabies. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvrd/rabies . March 15, 2013. Accessed March 20, 2013.
Rabies. DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php . Updated March 25, 2013. Accessed March 20, 2013.
3/26/2010 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance : Use of a reduced (4-dose) vaccine schedule for postexposure prophylaxis to prevent human rabies. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep . 2010;59(2):1.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 06/2013 -
- Update Date: 06/20/2013 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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