- Excessive muscle activity
- Certain muscle diseases
- Severe muscle injuries, such as a crush injury
- Overuse of alcohol or illicit drugs
- Uncontrolled seizure disorder
- Contact with an electrical current
- Toxins, such as snake or spider venom
- Extensive surgical procedures using large, muscle-dividing incisions—rare
- Dark urine—brown or red in color
- Muscle pain
- Muscle weakness
- Muscle swelling
- Back pain
- Nausea and vomiting
- Kidney damage or failure
- Multi-organ failure
- Abnormal heartbeat, also known as arrhythmia
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- Urine tests
- Blood tests
Drink plenty of fluids when:
- Sitting or working in hot, humid weather
- Avoid overuse of alcohol
- Avoid illicit drugs
American Academy of Family Physicians http://familydoctor.org
National Kidney Foundation http://www.kidney.org
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
The Kidney Foundation of Canada http://www.kidney.ca
Criddle L. Rhabdomyolysis. Crit Care Nurse . 2003 Dec 23(6):14-30.
Rhabdomyolysis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com. Updated October 28, 2012. Accessed July 15, 2013.
Sauret J, Marinides G. Rhabdomyolysis. Am Fam Physician . 2002 Mar 1:65(5):907-913.
- Reviewer: Adrienne Carmack, MD; Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 07/2013 -
- Update Date: 05/11/2013 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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