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- Very hot or spicy foods
- Sun exposure
- Extreme temperatures (very hot or very cold)
- Emotional stress or social embarrassment
- Rubbing, scrubbing, or massaging the face
- Irritating cosmetics and other toiletries
- Frequent flushing on the face and neck
- Redness and swelling on the face
- Small pink bumps and/or pimples
- Thin red lines showing the small blood vessels of the face
- Redness, burning, dryness, and tearing of the eyes
- An enlarged, bulbous red nose—less common, affecting men more than women
- Antibiotics applied to the skin
- Other topical treatments such as benzoyl peroxide, azelaic acid, sulfa, or tretinoin
- Antibiotics taken by mouth
- Oral isotretinoin
- In rare, more severe cases, oral methotrexate, dapsone, primaquine, chloroquine, or prednisone
- Clonidine in low doses
- Beta blockers (certain types)
- Laser surgery
- Avoid things that may trigger flushing or blushing. This includes certain foods, alcohol, and exposure to the sun.
- Protect your skin from the sun. Use clothing, hats, or sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) of 30 or higher.
- Exercise in a cool environment to avoid overheating.
Avoid anything that irritates your skin:
- Apply topical medications, moisturizers, and cosmetics gently
- Use cleansers, moisturizers, cosmetics, and other toiletries that are gentle and alcohol-free
American Academy of Dermatology http://www.aad.org
National Rosacea Society http://www.rosacea.org
Canadian Dermatology Association http://www.dermatology.ca
Tanzi EL, Weinberg JM. The ocular manifestations of rosacea. Cutis. 2001;68:112-114. Review.
Crawford GH, Pelle MT, et al. Rosacea: I. Etiology, pathogenesis, and subtype classification. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2004;51:327-341;quiz 342-344. Review.
Pelle MT, Crawford GH, et al. Rosacea: II therapy. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2004;51:499-512;quiz 513-514. Review.
Rosacea. American Academy of Dermatology website. Available at: https://www.aad.org/dermatology-a-to-z/diseases-and-treatments/q---t/rosacea. Accessed January 22, 2015.
Sunscreen FAQs. American Academy of Dermatology website. Available at: https://www.aad.org/media-resources/stats-and-facts/prevention-and-care/sunscreens. Accessed January 22, 2015.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 01/2015 -
- Update Date: 10/20/2014 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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