- Hear voices or see things that others do not
- Become paranoid that people are plotting against them
- Experience cognitive deficits
- Withdraw socially
|Regions of the Brain|
|Schizophrenia affects many different areas of the brain causing a wide range of behavioral, emotional, and intellectual symptoms.|
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- Having a parent or sibling with schizophrenia
- Marijuana use or other drug use
- Father being of older age
- Other factors, like problems during pregnancy or birth such as infection
- Hallucinations—seeing or hearing things/voices that are not there
- Delusions—strong but false personal beliefs that are not based in reality
- Disorganized thinking
- Disorganized speech—lack of ability to speak in a way that makes sense
- Catatonic behavior—slow movement, repeating rhythmic gestures, pacing, walking in circles, refusal to do things, repetitive speech
- Emotional flatness—flat speech, lack of facial expression, and general disinterest and withdrawal
- Inappropriate laughter
- Poor hygiene and self-care
- Exist most of the time during a period of one month
- Cause a decreased level of functioning
- Continue for at least 6 months (certain symptoms)
- Slow and stiff movements
- Facial tics
- Protruding tongue
Medications for Coexisting Conditions
- Anti-anxiety medications
- Mood stabilizers
- Social skills
- Vocational guidance
- Community resources
- Family issues
- Living arrangements
- Emotional support
National Institute of Mental Health http://www.nimh.nih.gov
World Fellowship for Schizophrenia and Allied Disorders http://world-schizophrenia.org
Canadian Psychiatric Association http://www.cpa-apc.org
Mental Health Canada http://www.mentalhealthcanada.com
Schizophrenia. American Psychiatric Association website. Available at: http://www.psychiatry.org/schizophrenia. Accessed April 3, 2013.
Schizophrenia. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated March 13, 2013. Accessed April 3, 2013.
Schizophrenia. National Institute of Mental Health website. Available at: http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/schizophrenia/index.shtml. Updated April 2, 2013. Accessed April 3, 2013.
Schizophrenia in children and adolescents. National Alliance on Mental Illness website. Available at: http://www.nami.org/Template.cfm?Section=By%5FIllness&template=/ContentManagement/ContentDisplay.cfm&ContentID=103175. Updated July 2010. Accessed August 28, 2012.
- Reviewer: Brian Randall, MD
- Review Date: 01/2015 -
- Update Date: 06/24/2013 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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